Learning Goal: I’m working on a history writing question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
I would like you to respond to two discussion posts by giving your opinion on it and also using 1 quote for each of the discussion posts from specific articles you also must cite the quote.
Women, in contrast to men, were forced to stay at home and take care of their families. Everything that was not “man’s work,” such as farming, cleaning, and child care, fell under the jurisdiction of women. Black people were held in slavery and subjected to appalling working conditions that frequently led to their early deaths, while white people were permitted to own land and use their right to vote. While the poor were left on their own, the rich became richer. Aristocrats were elected to run the colonies because the upper class believed that the lower class alone was responsible for their poverty. As such, they frequently neglected or discriminated against the poor. The people’s manner of life and economy are very different from those in the South because of how different the weather and terrain are in New England. The economy of New England was primarily based on family farms, commerce in lumber, and the sale of fish. On Southern plantations, crops were grown with slave labor. Because of this, the Southern colonies experienced greater diversity than New England, where the demand for slave labor was lower. Colonists sought to buy land that could be passed down to the next generation in order to provide for their families. However, as trade increased and more farmers entered the market, they were compelled to work the land more to meet demand. We see an example of this when “Compared with the plantation regions, slavery was less central to the economies of New England and the Middle Colonies, where small farms predominated. Slaves made up only a small percentage of these colonies’ populations, and it was unusual for even rich families to own more than one or two slaves.” New England and the middle colonies did not heavily use slave labor and it was much more predominant in the south Foner, Give Me Liberty, 144
Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty! An American History (New York: W.W. Norton, 2020), 144.
While it is true that for some people the social structures of the eighteenth century became more open, that was not the case for slaves or women. As the new world continued to grow and expand, the need for slaves increased with it as there was a growth in the Atlantic slave trade. Places like the Chesapeake colonies, South Carolina, and Georgia heavily relied on slaves and their labor to help them grow economically. As this growth in the slave trade continued, a clear division in regards to race became evident in blacks and whites. The pre-existing structures placed for slaves seemed to have tightened instead of grow in this century. Compared to white men, the life of a slave consisted of poor treatment, the spread of diseases on ships when traveling to the New World, daily beatings, and the inability to vote in elections. An example of how they were treated can be seen in the Chesapeake colonies as, “planters filled the law books with measures enhancing the master’s power over his human property and restricting blacks’ access to freedom.” (1) This treatment was vastly different than that of a white person’s in this century as they enjoyed their own freedoms. In regards to gender, women were also unable to enjoy the same freedoms as a white man. They were unable to get a divorce, own property, or vote in any elections. They also enjoyed no individual rights and were not seen as equals to their male counterparts. In regards to wealth, the wealthy tended to stay that way as their property and fortunes were passed down within their families. This was especially evident as there were strict restrictions placed on men who could hold positions in office. For example, town legislators and leaders were often among the wealthy as they needed to have “five hundred acres of land and ten slaves or town property worth £1,000.” (2) These qualifications seemed to ensure that the elite and people in higher positions were among the wealthy.