please read two documents by the 5th-century BC Athenian statesman and historian, Thucydides: The Funeral Oration of Pericles and the Conference at Melos. Both are included in the document labeled “Thucydides Documents.”
How do the Athenians (in particular, Pericles) describe and present their own democracy at home? How do they treat other Greeks when they go abroad, as seen with the example of Melos?
Remember, the “Greeks” are an ethnic, cultural, and linguistic group, divided among hundreds of small countries called city-states. The Athenians, Melians, and Spartans are all “Greeks,” but each have their own independent country.