1} This is an essay, not a research paper requiring additional materials. The Mini-Essay is DUE ON MONDAY, JULY 13, in class. When turning in the essay you must also include the Essay Grading Checklist (found in Blackboard Course Materials). Together these make up the MINI-ESSAY PACKET (announcement to follow).
For this assignment you need only 2 required books:
Jill Ker Conway ed, Written By Herself, Vol. 2
Robert Strayer & Eric Nelson, Ways of the World, Vol. 2
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The assigned chapters from Conway are by Vera Brittain (pp. 66-116), Emma Mashinini (352-388) Vijaya Pandit (438-488) and Gloria Wade-Gayles (569-619), also listed on the course syllabus. Your Essay must discuss 3 OUT OF 4 of these authors; the fourth will be a required Identification item on the final Exam. Just as important, students also must make full use of Strayer (& Nelson), Ways of the World, which explores major processes in world history experienced by the women writers. (also cf. syllabus, p.1).
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An essay is a specific literary genre, in which the writer formulates a THESIS or central argument, supports it with EVIDENCE in the MAIN BODY, and offers final insights in the CONCLUSION. Your essay must be AT LEAST 650 words (2.5 PAGES minimum) in length. You may write some more if you wish. It must have a DISTINCT TITLE which serves as a brief summary or description of the actual thesis or content (not e.g. “Mini-Essay” or “World History”). You must also include the Bibliography found at the end of the Guidelines. The following requirements comprise two further parts: {2} the questions and issues to be discussed, and {3} specifications for citations and paper format.
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{2} In developing a thesis based on the readings, you must address the following questions. Your answer to these questions constitutes your thesis.
— What do these women’s lives and writings tell us about major developments in modern world history? (Strayer is very useful)
— What do they have in common, and how did their varied backgrounds and circumstances result in different experiences?
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{3} Your essay must have AT LEAST 9 SEPARATE CITATIONS with SPECIFIC PAGE REFERENCES, Footnotes (preferred) or endnotes are acceptable, but not in-text citations; notes do not count as part of the word total. You must cite each of the 4 female authors AT LEAST 3 TIMES in separate notes, though you may cite more than one in particular notes. Strayer must be cited AT LEAST 3 TIMES, and each female author (3 of 4 from among Brittain, Mashinini, Pandit, or Wade-Gayles). Given the limited length, direct quotations are discouraged and must be minimal and brief. It is your voice that matters, and your views developed through careful attention to the sources. You may refer to other course materials, but only to SUPPLEMENT the minimum total of required references, NOT to SUPPLANT them; they are best cited along with the page references to readings. Use of Internet materials is not PROHIBITED but is STRONGLY DISCOURAGED; the point is to analyze the assigned readings. One further suggestion: you can write a stronger paper by integrating your analysis of all four authors around key themes, rather than discussing them separately and in succession.
Essays must be typed in 14 or 12-point type, and double-spaced with 1.5-inch margins at the top, bottom and sides; pages must be individually numbered at top or bottom. Please include your name, email address and course number, along with the word count. NOTE: unlike the Map Test which allowed you to work together, you must WORK INDEPENDENTLY (apart from discussing the assignment) and SUBMIT SEPARATE ESSAYS. Finally, be sure to include the Bibliography found below at the end of the Critical Essay packet.